How to Write the Conceptual Framework in Chapter 1 of a Thesis?


Conceptual Framework
There are a lot of students out there who become confused on how to write the conceptual literature. Just like me when I’m on college I also asked “Where am I going to base this?” But one thing is for sure, continue reading and let’s put away those confusions and hesitations.

Actually, before you do this part, you should have done writing your Review of Related Literature and Studies. It’s because from that, you may create a theoretical scheme for your research problem. (In short, this part heavily relies on the chapter two.) This scheme is a tentative explanation or theoretical explanation of the phenomenon or problem and serves as the basic for the creation of research hypotheses. Therefore, the conceptual framework consists of the theories that have bearing to the problem. It is your new model which has its roots on the previous models which earlier researchers have studied.

Therefore, this conceptual framework becomes the focus (or central theme) of your study. It serves as your guide in conducting your investigation. Here is a conceptual framework example by J. Calderon, et al. for the teaching of science:
The effectiveness of a science instructional program depends upon the qualifications of the teachers, the effectiveness of their methods and strategies of teaching, the adequacy of facilities, the adequacy of supervisory assistance, and the elimination of problems hampering the progress.
Today, most theses don’t have a discussion of their conceptual framework. But still, some still do the explanation thing.

We also have the “Paradigm” thing. Do you know what it is? Well, according to thefreedictionary.com, paradigm is “one that serves as a pattern or model. It is also a set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.” In research writing, a paradigm is a diagrammatic representation of a conceptual framework. It depicts what a conceptual framework wants to convey (in a more vivid way). Paradigm can be in different diagrammatic forms but in most cases (here in the Philippines), it is in the Input-Process-Output form. Here is an example:

Paradigm for "Chinese Investment in Africa"
Input Process Output
  • Review of appropriate literature, this includes examining studies related to Chinese investment to Africa.
  • Qualitative data, perspective of the selected respondents regarding the impact of Chinese investments to Africa.
  • Assessment and analysis of acquired data through observation and interpretation.
  • Clarification regarding Chinese investment in Africa.
  • Conclusion on the objectives of the study.
Paradigm credit: IvyThesis

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