How to Write the Introduction in Chapter 1 of a Thesis?

The Introduction
The introduction of a thesis should contain a discussion of any or all of the following:
  • Presentation of the problem. This is how you will start your introduction. Presentation of the problem is stating what the problem is all about. This will show what you will cover in your study.
  • The existence of an unsatisfactory condition, a felt problem that needs a solution. You need to discuss the current situation and elaborate the problem that is present. Tell the readers how grave the problem is, thus a solution is necessary.
  • Rationale of the study. Here, you need to discuss the reason/s why it is necessary to conduct your study. What will you achieve if your study was conducted?
  • Historical background of the problem. You can actually add some information about the past. This can give more details on how and why the main problem occurred.
  • Desire to have a deeper and clearer understanding of a situation, circumstance, or phenomenon. You as the researcher must explain your earnest desire to have a deeper and clearer understanding of the situation. Doing this will put you in a better position to initiate remedial measures.
  • Desire to find a better way of doing something or improving a product. If you think that there’s something wrong with the usual way of doing things, you should explain your desire to find a better way to improve the outcome.
  • A desire to discover something. State your desire to discover what is wrong with the current situation. Aside from that, show your desire to discover a better way to improve it.
  • Geographical conditions of the study locale. This is necessary in anthropological and economic studies. If the subject if the investigation is rice production, the terrain, soil, climate, rainfall, etc. of the study locale should be described.
  • A link between the introduction and the statement of the problem. Two sentences can be written to show the link between the introduction and the conducting of the researcher.
It is also recommended that you use the "macro-to-micro" (or general-to-specific) style of writing. Discuss things in a general way at first and slowly lead the readers to what exactly your research is all about.

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