Characteristics of the Materials Cited - Related Literature and Studies of Chapter 2 of a Thesis

Characteristics of the Materials Cited
Writing or citing any related literature and studies is not as simple as just copying any related thing you find. Of course, it should follow some nice rules. Here are some of good characteristics of the materials cited:

  • It should be as recent/new, as possible. We are now living in a fast-paced world and everything changes almost in an instant. Topics including social, political, scientific and technology have rapid changes, improvements and updates. Even discoveries in historical and archaeological research are experiencing some changes on historical facts. Unlike mathematical and statistical procedure, other materials are not stable. What can we learn from this? It is recommended to cite materials or findings that are 5 years old or later. Most of the time, the newer is the better.
  • It should be objective and unbiased, as possible. Do not cite materials and literatures that discuss things in a one-sided way. If it’s political or religion, it should not obviously make favorable statement to a certain people, group, party, sect or anything.
  • OF COURSE, it should be relevant to the study. If the materials have some similarity to or bearing on the problem researched, then go for it! Enough said.
  • It should not be too few or too many. Materials should be sufficient enough. This is to give the researcher insight into his problem, or to indicate the nature of the present investigation. Sometimes, the number of related materials may depend upon its availability. If you are making a study that is first of its kind or rare, you may find few or even no related studies for it. Ordinarily, you can cite ten to fifteen related materials for your undergraduate thesis, fifteen to twenty-five for a master’s thesis and above twenty for a doctoral dissertation. Remember, those numbers are just recommendation.

Sources you can consider in preparing the Related Literature and Studies:
  • Books, encyclopedias, almanacs and other similar references.
  • Articles published in professional journals, magazines, periodicals, newspapers and other publications.
  • Unpublished theses and dissertations.
  • Records of schools, public and private, especially reports of their activities.
  • Reports from seminars, educational or otherwise.

You can locate those sources on the following:
  • Libraries, either government, school, or other private libraries
  • Government and private offices.
  • The national library.


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