Ways of Citing Related Literature and Studies of Chapter 2 of a Thesis


Ways of Citing Related Literature and Studies
Let us assume that you have gathered all the necessary related literature and studies for your chapter 2. The next move is to arrange them on paper. Today, there are several ways to cite them and those are as follows:
  • By author or writer. When using this way, ideas, facts, or principles (even though they have the same meaning), they are explained or discussed separately and cited in the footnote with their respective authors or writers. Example:
According to Halcasid, singing relieves stress, etc., etc. 1
Pelasquez found out that singing is a good way to relieve stress, etc., etc. 2

Footnotes:
1 Bogie Halcasid. Singing in our Life. Manila: Protégé Publishing Company, Inc., 2009, p. 89.
2 Regina Pelasquez, “Benefits of Singing to Stressed People,” (Unpublished Master’s Thesis, St. Andre Farm College, San Andrés Bukid, Manila, 2011.)

  • By topic. If different authors gave the same opinions and views about the same topic, the topic is discussed and cited under the names of the writer. This is a summary of their opinions and is to avoid separate and long discussions of the same topic. For example:
It has been found out that singing lively songs is a good way to relieve stress.1

Footnote:
1 Bogie Halcasid. Singing in our Life. Manila: Protégé Publishing Company, Inc., 2009, p. 89 and Regina Pelasquez, “Benefits of Singing to Stressed People,” (Unpublished Master’s Thesis, St. Andre Farm College, San Andrés Bukid, Manila, 2011.)

  • Chronological. Well, “chrono” means time and related materials can also be cited chronologically, that is, according to the year it was written. You write those new/latest materials first following those written later. If you’re using the “by author or writer” way above, then you may want to arrange them in chronological order too. In the “by topic” way, chronological citation can be done in the footnote.

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